Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping apparel for guys right until the Victorian period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of usage at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is used by different people in India e.g. by women of varied courses, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils pidžame ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as pidžame was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early 20-very first century These are rather unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Typically worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if pidžame 1-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've got often involved the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a type of brief dress best above shorts or limited trousers.
Pajamas may possibly nowadays seek advice from Gals's mix daywear, specifically in the US wherever they turned well known during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.