Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Company rule in India.[seven][eight]
The worldwide usage of pajamas (the term plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many individuals opt to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases pidžame are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a bathroom. Fall seats had been very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
Up to date
Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Typically worn by little ones, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume top rated around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with women's mix daywear, specifically in the US where they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.